The 27 Nakshatras by Joni Patry

4 Aug 2012


The 27 Nakshatras

The nakshatras are one of the oldest references we have to astrology from the Rig Veda dating back about 1,500-2,000 BCE. Nakshatra actually translates as “that which never decays”.

  The nakshatras are like the zodiacal signs but more specific. Their meanings are derived from the constellations, fixed stars and the mythology behind these portions of the sky. They are rich in meaning and have ruling deities whose stories bring to life the symbology of our own lives. The nakshatras are divisions of 13 degrees 20 minutes starting from zero Aries and ending at 30 degrees of Pisces. 13.20 divided into the 12 signs equals, 27. The nakshatras are referred to as the lunar mansions because the Moon moves approximately 13.20 degrees per day, therefore residing in one nakshatra per day.

  The mythology of the nakshatras is the saga of evolving humanity written in the heavens. From the beginnings of Ashwini, the bringers of dawn, through the marriage mansions of the Phalgunis, to the end of life with the funeral cots of the Bhadrapadas and the ultimate journey we take with Revati. The nakshatras depict through their mythology the many experiences we must meet with and grow through as we live life in any era.

  There are three groups of nine nakshatras that relate to the three “gunas” in Hindu philosophy, rajas, tamas, and sattva. The first nine nakshatras, Ashwini through Ashlesha, refer to rajas the active creative principle. The second nine nakshatras from Magha to Jyeshta refer to tamas meaning inertia and sometimes darkness or ignorance. This can also refer to grounding and stability in the material world, and these nakshatras can be the most prosperous materially. The third group of nine from Mula to Revati, are sattva. This is the spiritualizing force of the Universe. These last and final nakshatras are our journey back to our creator to find oneness with God.

  Some nakshatras are part of the same constellations or groups that have similar energies and meaning. They are termed purva, meaning former and uttara, meaning latter. The purva nakshatras are always sharper and more intense than the uttaras, which are softer and less drastic. In fact they both denote gains (pertaining to the nakshatra) either in the first part of life (purva) or the latter part of life (uttara).

  Even deeper are the divisions of the nakshatras into four segments of 3 degrees 20 minutes each called the padas. These padas (which means “feet”) reflect deeper connotations within each nakshatra. Multiplying the 4 padas 27 times equals 108. This is a mystical number of completion and ties in the meaning of the ninth harmonic called the Navamsha, the most significant divisional chart. It is the Navamsha which reveals the outcome of the purpose of a life. 

  There are also groupings where two constellations are paired together. These pairs also
form opposites to opposing opposite pairs. These paired groupings are always situated opposite to other grouped pairs. The contrast of the opposing pairs gives meaning to the duality of this existence on earth, and can be a study all its own.

  Originally there were 28 nakshatras. There was one between Shravana and Dhanishta (constellations 22 and 23) called Abhijit, meaning “complete victory”. It was associated with the constellation Vega ruled by Brahma, the cosmic creative power, and is the only one that lies far from the zodiac. It is interesting that in the Bhagavad Gita Krishna states “of the constellations I am Abhijit”.
  The nakshatras are used mainly for determining the planetary periods or dashas of a person’s life. The nakshatra in which the natal Moon is placed at birth, and the planet that rules that nakshatra, starts the sequence of planetary periods in a lifetime. The order of these planetary rulers will be discussed in detail later. Some astrologers relate the meanings of the planetary rulers to the nakshatras, but I personally do not think their psychological interpretations can be attributed in this way. I believe the rulerships are for the planetary periods or dashas exclusively, therefore the rulers will be named in the predictive segment on the dashas.

In a Natal Chart

In a natal chart the nakshatras in which the personal planets reside will reveal deep information about the individual in relation to the meanings of the houses tenanted (the areas of life), and the houses the planets rule. For example, the planet that rules the seventh house (indicating a person’s spouse) will reveal detailed information about the spouse by the description of that nakshatra. If Aries is the sign on the seventh house then Mars is its ruler, and the nakshatra that contains Mars will describe the spouse. If Mars is in the nakshatra Magha, the spouse would have all the kingly qualities of Magha.
1) Ashwini “the horse woman” 0.00 to 13.20 Aries 
Symbol: a horse’s head
Deity: the Ashwini Kumaras, the horse-headed twins, who as physicians to the gods performed medical miracles.
Stars: El Sharatan is in the horn of the Ram. Its qualities are brazen, outspoken and violent.
Mythology: Sanjna is the goddess who disguised herself as a horse and fled from her husband because of his betrayal. He finally won her over and their offspring produced the Ashwini Kumaras, the horse-headed twins. The twins were known to bring the dawn as their chariot sped through the sky everyday.
Indications: The “star of transport”. These people are pioneers and explorers, always ready to try something new. Heroic and very courageous some will want to join the armed forces. They have zeal, and a zest for life, but their restless and impatient nature has them rushing off quickly without planning ahead. Speed not efficiency is their preference. Speech may be quick and halting, possibly stuttering, for their words can’t match the speed of their thoughts. They are the true trailblazers, headstrong and stubborn. As the symbol for new beginnings they can represent a baby who goes after what it wants without considering the inconveniences to others. They can be childish, irresponsible and inconsiderate. As Ashwini rules all forms of transportation and fast travel, these people are probably known for getting speeding tickets. Healers performing miracle healings can also be attributed to planets in Ashwini.
2) Bharani “the bearer”- of new life. 13.20 to 26.40 Aries
Symbol: the yoni, the female organ for reproduction.
Deity: Yama, god of death or dharma.
Stars: Almach, a binary star in the left foot of Andromeda, gives honor and artistic ability.
Menkar, placed in the jaw of the Whale, indicates disgrace, dishonor and trouble with legacies.
Mythology: This part of the sky was called Apabharani, which means “the waters that carry things away” and refers to all the souls that transit here when they die. Yama, like Pluto, leads the dead to the other world. Yama was the first mortal man sent to earth and therefore the first man to die.
Indications: The “star of restraint”. This is a difficult nakshatra denoting struggles and obstacles that result in personal breakthroughs. It is symbolic of the birthing process where one has grown out of present conditions and must go through the pain of a new birth. It is about personal transformation. Since Yama was the first to come to earth and the first to die, these people may be the first to try or do things. Social reformers, activist and philosophers are prominent here. There is a tendency towards jealousy or being plagued by the jealousy of others. Because the womb is confining for the fetus, especially in the last trimester, there is a feeling of restriction or confinement for these individuals. They feel oppressed by others, by large groups and by restrictive laws imposed by the government. They can be fanatical, intolerant of others who have different opinions and in turn inflict oppression on others. They are excessive and indulgent sexually. But here is the mystery of life and death. They may be attracted to professions like an OBGYN physician or a mortician. Their inner struggles can become a spiritual transformation leading to enlightenment.
3) Krittika “the one who cuts” 26.40 Aries to 10.00 Taurus
Symbol: a knife or a razor
Deity: Agni, god of fire
Stars: The Pleiades (the “Weeping Sisters”). Alcyone, one of the six Pleiades, is the star of sorrow, success and prominence.
Algol is one of the most violent and evil stars. It deals with decapitation or symbolically losing your head.
Mythology: Karttikeya, a powerful warrior, was born in the Pleiades. He was nursed by the six sisters (the “weeping sisters”) who were falsely accused of infidelity by their spouses.
Indications: The “star of fire” is sharp, piercing and penetrating. These people have a cutting wit and critical sarcasm. They are passionate crusaders, proud, ambitious and determined. Like the nursemaids who nurtured and protected Karttikeya, there is a protective influence, and these people seem to adopt and care for children not their own. Their need to protect reveals the warrior. They are stubborn, aggressive and can be very angry. This nakshatra rules war, battles, and disputes. Since Agni is the ruling deity, these people have fast metabolisms and good digestion, and are usually excellent cooks. They have frequent ups and downs in life with passions that can lead to illicit sexual affairs.  They are larger than life and can rise to places of fame and prominence.
4) Rohini “the red one” 10.00 to 23.20 Taurus
Symbol: cart or a chariot, temple, banyan tree
Deity: Brahma, or Prajapati, the creator
Stars: The Hyades are five stars in the head of the Bull.
Aldebaran is the red eye of the Bull. This star gives enthusiasm, intelligence, eloquence and public honors, but there can be sickness and violence.
Mythology: Of the 27 daughters, Rohini was the Moon’s (Soma) favorite wife. He spent more time in this nakshatra, because of her beauty and seductive qualities. The other sisters became jealous and the father (Prajapati) cast a spell on Soma where he became ill each month but then recovered. This is why the Moon waxes and wanes each month.
Indications: The “star of ascent”. The myth of Soma above implies the suffering our intense desires may bring, for the Moon could not help his desire for Rohini. This is a passionate, sexually seductive nakshatra. These people are attractive, alluring, and beautiful. They love and appreciate luxury, art, music and all the finer things life has to offer. They are extremely materialistic and frown on those who don’t measure up to their taste and high cultural standards. As the myth implies they can be over-sexed, and use sex to get what they want. This is a growth-oriented nakshatra ruling crops and fertility. It implies that these people can rise to the top and achieve their desires. Theypossess fertility for procreation, meaning they have children. This nakshatra gives wealth, but it must harness its worldly materialistic desires.
5) Mrigashira “head of a deer” 23.20 Taurus to 6.40 Gemini
Symbol: deer’s head (antelope)
Deity: Soma, the Moon god (Chandra)
Stars: Orion, a group of stars that represent the Hunter in the sky.
Bellatrix, on the left shoulder of Orion, means “female warrior” and gives military honors.
Mythology: Orion was the sky god Prajapati, the world maker. He became obsessed with his beautiful daughter Rohini and chased her though this part of the sky, changing forms for swiftness. One of the forms was the antelope. To save Rohini, Shiva shot an arrow through Prajapati sending him crashing down to earth, destroying the oneness of the Universe.
Indications: This is referred to as the “star of searching”. These individuals are constantly searching or looking for something. They are restless, nervous types always traveling. They are collectors seeking one more piece to add to their collections. They love to shop and find that special deal, but the shopping or searching never ends. They are highly intelligent investigators and researchers whose quest will eventually take them to spiritual dimensions of their soul. Like the deer they are gentle, peaceful and tender, and have large soft doe-like eyes. There is a sensual provocative side that can lead to incestuous relationships as the myth suggests. But the fun is in the chase or the journey not the destination, for then the thrill is over. They are known for having beautiful children.
6) Ardra “the moist one” 6.40 to 20.00 Gemini
Symbol: teardrop, diamond, a human head
Deity: Rudra the storm god, “the howler”. Another form of Shiva as god of destruction.
Stars:  Betelgeuse is situated on the shoulder of Orion. A star of power, it gives an active mind, ups and downs in career, and marital wealth and honors.
Mythology: Rudra the destroyer was a form of Shiva who shot down Prajapati (Orion) to save Rohini from sexual violation. This destroyed the unity of the cosmos.
Indications:There is sadness within this nakshatra as the symbol of the teardrop suggests. There is also a very destructive quality here, but the destruction is necessary to save grace for the future. This is the place of the dark night of the soul, for there is a new dawn or new beginning after the seeming tragedy. These people create destruction and havoc wherever they go, sometimes even destroying themselves. Their violent temperament causes many tears and depression, which can lead to an early death, but after the worst storms comes the beautiful sunny day, for the following nakshatra (Purnarvasu) means “return of the light.” The rain from the storm clouds brings growth and fertility and these individuals are good at creating things out of destruction. They like to renovate discarded things, fixing up old houses or cars. Their lust for power and material goods can make them appear cold and calculating. They need to develop a sense of gratitude and appreciation, for this will heal many wounds. Their real satisfaction comes as they overcome their hardships and gain the truth and realization that comes through their suffering.
7) Punarvasu “return of the light” 20.00 Gemini to 3.20 Cancer
Symbol: a bow and quiver (case that contains the arrows)
Deity: Aditi, the mother of the gods. She was boundless, vast and limitless,  goddess of abundance.
Stars:Castor and Pollux the Gemini twins. The full meaning is “the two who give back the good.”
Castor was the mortal twin known for his skill in horsemanship and the star suggests intellect, honor and sudden fame, sometimes followed by sudden loss.
Pollux the immortal twin was famed for skill in boxing. This star gives a courageous but cold and heartless nature. 
Mythology: Goddess Aditi is as vast and limitless as the sky. Her ability is the power to gain wealth and abundance. She is the earth goddess for productivity. Aditi is associated with virtues and strives to act nobly. She has 12 sons called the Adityas. The Adityas are related to the 12 months of the year and represent the 12 sovereign principles. Because of this she is worshiped for blessings and protection of children.
Indications: This is referred to as the “Star of Renewal”. After the bleak storms of Ardra the light appears again. Those with this nakshatra have the ability to bounce back, for they have limitless inner resources and no boundaries to what they can accomplish. They are deeply philosophical, inspirational, and spiritual with a genuine understanding that brings them wisdom. They hardly seem to have a shadow side. They are likable, charming, and because of their forgiving ways, others forgive them easily. They love to travel, but just as the arrow is returned to the quiver so must these natives have a home base and family to return to. There is a definite theme of return and renewal. As they give back to the world their prosperity doubles, for this is a very prosperous nakshatra. They don’t have the need for a lot, they are content with little.
8) Pushya “to nourish” 3.20 to 16.40 Cancer
Symbol: cow’s udder (milk producing), the lotus, an arrow and a circle
Deity: Brihaspati, or Jupiter the priest of the gods
Stars: Three stars in the constellation of Cancer, with the North and South Asellus referring to giving care and nourishment.
Mythology: Brihaspati was the guru or teacher of the gods and was lord of speech and prayer. Shiva made Brihaspati into the planet Jupiter. Brihaspati had his wife Tara stolen by Soma. She bore a child from this affair (Budha). Brihaspati was taken by the charm of this child and raised it as his own.
Indications: Those who have this nakshatra are very religious, spiritual and devotional, but usually in a conventional way. They have close-nit families. There is a helping, caring nature but since they are so high minded they can come to believe they know all the rules, and that others must follow them. This arrogance as to their orthodox beliefs, this smugness that they are right and the whole world is wrong, naturally indicates an insecurity. They are abundantly wealthy, sometimes to the point of opulence, but the nourishment and abundance principle can create overweight problems. They are philosophers who want to share their inner wealth, so they are frequently teachers, preachers and professors.
9) Ashlesha “the embracer” 16.40 to 30.00 Cancer
Symbol: the serpent, a coiled or curled up snake
Deity: the Sarpas, or the Nagas, deified snakes
Stars: The ring of stars that form the head of the Hydra (a serpent-like creature).
Acubens, situated on the southern claw of the Crab, is good for writing, study of astrology and public affairs.
Mythology: The serpent is the symbol of great wisdom, found in all occult sciences from astrology to psychology. The snake has been referred to as the kundalini energy that rises through the spine bringing spiritual enlightenment and magical powers.
Indications: These are penetrating and intense individuals, with hypnotic eyes, who can mesmerize you with their glare and presence. The nakshatra has been referred to as the “Clinging Star”, implying that these people can squeeze the life out of you. They are profound and full of wisdom, but cannot tolerate criticism or humiliation and have been known to use their powers to the contrary, as in black magic. They can be sneaky, crafty, devious liars, cold-blooded and dangerous, who attack when you least expect it. The eventual end result is that their energy rebounds and they suffer the consequences of poisoning themselves. They are extremely sexual and may use this to manipulate and control others. But when they become too distrustful, fearful and hurt, they learn to turn their manipulative energy to divine wisdom and use their magic to achieve enlightenment. There can be an interest in poisons in terms of medicines that heal.
10) Magha “the great one” 0.00 to 13.20 Leo
Symbol: the royal throne
Deity: The Pitris, family ancestors, “The Fathers”
Fixed Star: Regulus, the heart of the Lion, gives fame, lofty ideals and a thirst for power.
Mythology: This is the constellation believed to house our ancestors awaiting their opportunity to reincarnate back with their families on earth.
Indications: These are noble and eminent persons with leadership abilities. In this nakshatra kings or presidents are born, or simply those who rule or take charge. Theyhold traditional values and strong ambitious drives for power and wealth. Attached to their heritage and ancestry, they will usually seek out their family tree or origins. They have a generous heart and deep loyalty, with possible arrogance and egotism. Worldly power and a need for recognition can obsess them, while elitism and class-consciousness can make them quite snobby. There is a sense of emptiness and restlessness that drives them towards enlightenment.
11) Purva Phalguni “the former reddish one” 13.20 to 26.40 Leo
Symbol: a bed (the front legs), hammock, fig tree
Deity: Bhaga, god of bliss (marital) and prosperity
Stars: Zosma, located in the back of the Lion, is a star of egotism and self-indulgence.
Mythology: The Phalgunis are the “marriage mansions”. Where the power of love and attraction start with Rohini, here it results in the settling down in marriage. Bhaga protects marital happiness and bestows family inheritance. Lord Shiva started his marriage precession under this star.
Indications: The bed or hammock implies a time of rest and relaxation. These individuals are usually carefree, never worry, and rely on their luck. They are attractive, sensual, and affectionate. They are very social, with the ability to communicate and influence others. Social events and parties are their favorite activity. This has been called the party nakshatra. These people are kind, generous, loyal, and seldom alone. They are usually married or in a long-term relationship. Their joyousness can lead to excesses, going to extremes. They are very sexual and passionate and have robust health, although they may be lazy and indulgent, leading to vanity and narcissism. They can be very artistic and often express themselves through music and dance. There is often a substantial family inheritance.
12) Uttara Phalguni “the later reddish one” 26.40 Leo to 10.00 Virgo
Symbol: a bed (four legs), or hammock
Deity: Aryaman, one of the Adityas, rules patronage, kindness, and favors. Bhaga and Aryaman are invoked together.
Stars: Denebola, situated in the Lion’s tail, is noble, generous, giving a quick mind and high honors, but has an association with people of bad reputation.
Mythology: Aryaman governed marriage contracts and protected family inheritance. Shiva and Shakti were married under this asterism.
Indications: Friendship is important to these kind and helpful individuals. They are happiest when married and concerned about relationships and family unity. The meanings of Purva Phalguni apply here as well, it is just a little more subdued. Uttara Phalguni is called the “Star of Patronage” for its love of humanity and caring sincere nature. Basically the Phalgunis are known to give a happy marriage, but since this nakshatra cannot stand to be alone its natives may settle for anybody and become involved in a co-dependent relationship leading to resentments and marriage problems. However, they are courageous and good with people, an ability which leads them into powerful positions. They want to alleviate the suffering in society, but there is a tendency to be controlling and very stubborn.
13) Hasta “the hand” 10.00 to 23.20 Virgo
Symbol: a hand, or fist
Deity: Savitri or Surya, the Sun
Stars: There are five stars representing the five fingers on the hand.
Algorab is a double star situated in Corvus on the right wing of the Crow. This star brings business success, charm, but eventual fall from favor.
Mythology: Savitar, the Sun God, had the ability to manifest whatever people were seeking and place it in their hands. He gave life, and assisted in childbirth. Savitar was “golden handed”, everything he touched turned to light.
Indications:The hand symbolizes manual skill, as in craftsmanship and the arts. These people may use their hands for healing, possibly as doctors or massage therapists. They can be comedians with their clever wit and great sense of humor, and make entertaining speakers. But their early life may have been plagued by hardships, restraints and possible impediments. The fist indicates an ability to grasp ideas, and hold on to things material or spiritual. Sometimes it is hard for these people to let go. The crafty hand can indicate a thief or pickpocket, for they may be plagued by poverty or lack of success until they focus on the spiritual path. There is an innate desire to be helpful and serve, as in a counseling profession. They are highly intelligent, attracted to mysticism, with palmistry possibly being their specialty.
14) Chitra: “the bright one” 23.20 Virgo to 6.40 Libra
Symbol: a bright jewel, or pearl
Deity: Tvashtar or Vishvakarma the celestial architect
Stars: Spica, the bright star in the wheat shaft of Virgo, is one of the most auspicious stars of all denoting success, riches, and a love of the sciences and arts.
Mythology: Tavashtar was the celestial architect who could shape how humanity would see the world. He created the Universe by blowing the creatures into existence and fanning them with his wings. He was the master of maya and magic, representing regenerative power and longevity.
Indications: This is the “star of opportunity”. These individuals posses charisma, personal charm, and can be flashy and glamorous. They love bright colors and usually have well-proportioned bodies and very beautiful eyes. This is one of the most mystical nakshatras of all, giving spiritual depth with sudden flashes of insight. These people are wonderful conversationalists, saying the right thing at the right time. Chitra rules creation, indicating artistic and organizational ability as in architectural design. Many artists are born in this asterism. With an affinity for jewels, they may deal with gemstones. Chitra reflects the world of maya and delusions, which must be overcome.
15) Swati: “the sword” or “independence” 6.40 to 20.00 Libra
Symbol: young sprout swaying in the wind, coral
Deity: Vayu, the wind god
Stars: Arcturus, situated in the left knee of Bootes, denotes riches, renown, prosperity, success in the fine arts, and self-determination.
Mythology:Vayu was the purifier that represented the pranayama (breath) that sustained all life. The goddess Saraswati is also associated with this nakshatra. She was the goddess of learning, education, and the arts.
Indications: These people excel in the fields of music, literature and art. Financial and business successes are part of their gifts. They are blessed with the art of communication, knowing how to reveal their knowledge and interest, and are curious and eager to learn. Their ability to ride with the wind makes them extremely flexible and vulnerable. Some are very psychic and intuitive, high strung and shallow. They strive for independence, but are always survivors. Swati also translates as “the priest” and they are learned in theology. Because of their Vata nature they must be careful of a diet causing too much wind.
16) Vishaka “the forked shaped” 20.00 Libra to 3.20 Scorpio
Symbol: Triumphal arch, potter’s wheel
Deity: Indagni, a pair of deities. Indra is the chief of the gods, and Agni is fire deified.
Stars: The four stars forming the Scales in the constellation of Libra.
Zuben el Genubi gives the ability to concentrate on goals and overcome obstacles. It is social, clever, but unforgiving and revengeful.
Mythology: Indra, the king of the gods, combined with Agni fire provided the energy, strength and powerful potential of this nakshatra.
Indications: This is the “Star of Purpose”. These people are extremely competitive and goal oriented and don’t give up until they achieve success. Patience, persistence, ambition and concentrated power will conquer any obstacles or rivals. With their harsh opinions they may force their will and ideas on others, or step on or use others to get what they want. But by pushing their agendas too hard they may win the battle and losethe war. They aredetermined and it can be hard for them to hide their feelings of envy and jealousy if you have what they want. They can become frustrated and angry if they don’t get what they desire. They experience success in the second half of their life. As the warrior spirit gets what it desires, the best solution is to be the spiritual warrior.
17) Anurada “the disciple of the divine spark” 3.20 to 16.40 Scorpio
Symbol: triumphal archway, or a lotus
Deity: Mitra as one of the Adityas is responsible for friendship and partnership.
Stars: Three stars in the body of the Scorpion.
Isidis is situated in the right claw of the Scorpion. It gives shamelessness and immortality, and a mystical interest, especially in astrology.
Mythology: Mitra was the god of friendship and promoted cooperation in humanity. Any contracts or agreements were Mitra’s duty to protect. Mitra gave compassion, devotion and love. Rada (the cowherd maiden), who was the friend and lover of Krishna, was Mitra's devoted companion, always following him.
Indications:  This nakshatra promotes balance in a relationship. These people are focused in their goals with superb leadership and organizational skills and they work well in large groups of people. Their friendly cooperation with others can bring them fame and recognition. Sensual and loving, they know how to share and accommodate. Their gift is dealing with people. They also have an ability to work with numbers. But there can be a jealous streak with a controlling angry side. Although faithful and dedicated to the ones they love, they can at times be melancholy. Traditionally they have difficult relationships with their mothers. They have many opportunities for travel, for they love variety, and have been known to live far from their place of birth.
18) Jyeshta
 “the eldest” 16.40 to 30.00 Scorpio
Symbol: a circular amulet, umbrella, earring
Deity: Indri, chief of the gods
Stars: Antares is the heart of the Scorpion. Antares means “rival of Mars” and is a military, political star giving a drive for power and honors, but with possible sudden loss.
Mythology: Jyeshta was the eldest of the 27 sisters and felt betrayed and jealous when their husband Soma favored the younger sister Rohini.
Indications: There is a sense of betrayal and abandonment indicated by the myth. These people have a sense of seniority and superiority due to wisdom, age and experience, but are very protective of themselves and their loved ones. At times they can be arrogant and hypocritical, due to their low self-esteem. But as the patriarch or matriarch of the family, they run the show and know how to deal with wealth and power. Their lives are not easy and some may experience hardship and poverty. They are reclusive, secretive with few friends. Their profound and inventive minds provoke them to seek the deeper meaning of life. They possess hidden occult powers.
19) Mula
 “the root” 0.00 to 13.20 Sagittarius 
Symbol: bunch of roots tied together, or an elephant goad (gives the elephant direction)
Deity: Nirriti, the goddess of dissolution and destruction
Stars: This nakshatra is located in the tail of the Scorpion near Ophiuchus.
Lesath gives good judgment, a spiritual nature, and brings people before the public.
This is the center of the Galaxy or the galactic center.
Mythology: Nirriti means “calamity”, and was the goddess of destruction who lived in the kingdom of the dead. Nirriti had the power to ruin, destroy and break things apart. Her energy is sometimes called Alakshmi or denial of Lakshmi (prosperity). She was depicted as Kali the fierce goddess who wore a necklace of skulls and human heads dangling from her belt. Her wild dance destroyed illusions. She helped us see reality, both the disgusting and the beautiful.
Indications: Called the “Root Star” this gives a passionate nature that wants to get to the bottom of things. These people are good at investigation and research, but they often feel bound and trapped by circumstances and can get caught up in blaming others or their environment. Excesses lead to compulsive behavior. There can be extreme reversals in their lives with great losses. Material fortunes seem to be stripped away until the lesson of non-attachment leads to spiritual realization. There is cruelty, pain, and sharpness. Resentment and betrayal are common. The profound sense of loss forces them to look deeper and seek a higher power, transforming their experiences into enlightenment. There may be an interest in healing with herbs or alternative medicine.
20) Purva Ashadha  “early victory” or “the undefeated” 13.20 to 26.40 Sagittarius
Symbol: the elephant tusk, fan, or a winnowing basket, used for ridding corn of its husks
Deity: Apah or water deified as a god.
Stars: In the constellation of the Archer, Kaus Borealis and Kaus Australis form the Archer’s bow.
Kaus Borealis gives leadership abilities with altruistic, idealistic qualities and a strong sense of justice.
Mythology: Apah is the name of the cosmic waters that spread in all directions giving rise to humanity. It was an invigorating power. Varuna is another ruling deity because of his protection of the seas and his ability to bring rain. Water is one of the most powerful forces in nature.
Indications: Called the “Invincible Star” this rules people who are invincible, proud and independent, with power and influence over others. They are fearless, aggressive, confrontational, and controlling towards achieving their need to better their life or improve their station. They want to spread their name and be popular, but may be seen by others as social climbers. However, they possess a philosophical and emotional depth. This nakshatra is associated with declarations of war, so their temperament can be angry and sharp but with great oratorical abilities that make them successful in debate. Their fearlessness can lead to restlessness and an obstinate aggressive disposition. Formal education is often disrupted but success comes at an early age. There is an association with water, as the nakshatra rules any industry pertaining to water, seas, ocean, or overseas travel. Skillful in intuiting others’ shadows, these people are somehow blind to their own flaws and self-denial.
21) Uttara Ashadha  “latter victory” or “latter unconquered” 26.40 Sagittarius to 10.00 Capricorn 
Symbol: elephant tusk, or a small cot or planks of a bed
Deity: the Vishvadevas, which means all gods or Universal gods
Stars: Situated on the lower part of the Lyre, Waga (Vega) gives musical artistic ability, plus political or governmental leadership.
Mythology: The Vishvadevas were the ten sons of the god Dharma. Their power was to grant unchallengeable victory. They dealt with universal principles, the laws of time, karma, and right action.
Indications: Called the “Universal Star” this nakshatra is much like its other half Purva Ashadha but a bit softer, milder and not as intense. These people are invincible, enduring, and very patient. They fight for what they believe is right and practice what they preach. They are highly righteous and responsible, sincere and truthful, with the highest degree of integrity. Commitment to their ideals makes them very humanitarian. They can be driven like a workaholic, extremely persistent when excited, but if they lose interest they become lazy, introspective, and do not finish what they started. Marriage can be difficult because of this stubborn, self-centered, lack of interest. As leaders, they must beware thattheir ambition does not lead to notoriety. However, they have deep powers to penetrate or quest for spiritual information, and become most successful and victorious in the latter part of life.
22) Shravana “to hear” 10.00 to 23.20 Capricorn
Symbol: an ear, or three footprints in an uneven row
Deity: Vishnu, the preserver of the Universe
Stars: In this nakshatra there are three stars in the head of the Eagle, also known as the three footprints of Vishnu.
Altair leads to positions of power and wealth, but trouble with the law.
Mythology: Vishnu spanned the universe in three steps denoting both his expansive travels and his travel to the three worlds.
Indications: This is the star of listening, also called the “Star of Learning”. These people are always questing for knowledge and information. Wisdom and the spoken word are very important here. They can be intellectual and make great teachers or perpetual students. They are also very traditional and want to uncover knowledge of the past. As their sense of hearing is acute and sensitive, counseling is a natural gift for they have the ability to truly listen. Listening and participating in gossip are common, even though their extreme sensitivity means they can be hurt as a result. Their restless nature causes them to travel extensively, usually in a pursuit of knowledge. There seems to be trouble and disappointment early in life, and some disabilities. With age they slowly regain their sense of self-confidence. They may walk with a limp or an unusual gait.
23) Dhanishta “the richest one” 23.20 Capricorn to 6.40 Aquarius 
Symbol: a drum or a flute
Deity: The eight Vasus, deities of the earth that give abundance on the material plane.
Stars: A small group of stars located in the head of Delphinus, the Dolphin.
Sadalsuud is a visionary influence, good for intuitive ability andgood for public relations.
Mythology: The eight Vasus were the solar gods of light and energy, known as Apas, Dhruva, Soma, Dhara, Anila, Anala, Pratyusha, and Prabhas. They were deities that gave abundance on the material plane. They are known to appear at different stages of manifestation to guide us on our spiritual path.  Vasu means “light” and “benefic”, indicating a charitable attitude and high virtues.
Indications: The “Star of Symphony” brings considerable material wealth, ownership of property and real estate. The symbols of this nakshatra are musical instruments, indicating that these people can possess musical ability. They also love dancing, for they are able to keep a beat. So they are great at timing, having the knack of being at the right place at the right time. They can be materialistic and gain fame and recognition, but there seems to be emptiness from within, for the musical instruments, a drum and flute, are hollow. These people are constantly trying to fill this void, and this may be the cause of their relationship problems and marital discord. Marriage, in fact, may be delayed or denied. There is a tendency to live up to the expectations of others, and they must be careful not to become too self-absorbed, greedy or narcissistic. They love the excitement of travel.
24) Shatabhishak “a hundred healers” 6.40 to 20.00 Aquarius
Symbol: an empty circle, or a thousand flowers or stars
Deity: Varuna, god of the cosmic waters, the sky and earth
Stars: This nakshatra is the large group of faint stars in the Water Bearer. The water poured from his pot is the nectar of immortality.
Fomalhaut is a star of musical abilities and great spirituality. It is also a mix of great fortune and misfortune.
Mythology: Varuna poured out the waters of life that healed all illnesses and gave immortality. He was the divine healer, and the god of maya and illusion. He granteddivine grace from sincere repentance.
Indications: Called the “Veiling Star”, this nakshatra is concerned with healing the human condition spiritually and physically. These people may therefore be healers or doctors. The symbol of the empty circle represents the void of space, that which is behind the veil, inner vision, illusion or maya. They are profoundly mystical, meditative, philosophical, scientific, and visionary. They are also secretive and reclusive, prone to be moody, lonely and depressed. When opinionated and stubborn, they think they know it all and are above others, having nothing to learn from them. Alcoholic beverages are ruled by this nakshatra, as are diseases that are difficult to heal or cure. There is a connection with electricity and an affinity to star watching, and this can apply to astronomers as well as astrologers.
25) Purva Bhadrapada “the former happy feet” 20.00 Aquarius to 3.20 Pisces
Symbol: a sword or two front legs of a funeral cot, or a man with two faces
Deity: Ajaikapada the “one footed goat”, a form of Rudra or an ancient fire dragon
Stars: Two main stars in the body of Pegasus, the Winged Horse.
Markab is a star of honors and success, but with great sorrow.
Scheat gives literary and poetic ability, but with extreme misfortune.
Mythology: Ajaikpada was viewed as a form of Shiva, and a vehicle for the transport of Agni (fire), thus representing the cleansing spiritual power of fire. Ajaikapada was the unicorn, related to Rudra god of storms.
Indications: This is a transformational nakshatra where sacrifice is undertaken for a higher cause in order to make a difference in the world. These people have a passionate, radical nature and can be extreme and indulgent. The symbol of the man with two faces can refer to viewing both the past and future, possibly at the time of death. Or it can mean people who have a dark side concealed from the world, or just that they are two faced. Fearful, nervous, and angry they can be very cynical and their lives are sometimes filled with sadness and problems. They must be careful of accidents and injuries. They are radical and non-conformist with an excellent speaking ability that can sway the masses, regardless of the consequences.
26) Uttara Bhadrapada
 “the latter happy feet” 3.20 to 16.40 Pisces
Symbol: twins, back legs of the funeral cot, a snake in the water
Deity: Ahir Budhyana, the Serpent or “Dragon of the Deep”
Stars: Algenib, on the tip of the wing of Pegasus, gives oratorical abilities, intelligence and a responsible nature.
Mythology: Adhir Budhyana was a serpent of the deep waters representing seclusion, kundalini and psychic energy. Agni was important here representing both the fiery nature and the cleansing power of fire.
Indications: The “Warrior Star” gives discipline with writing and speaking abilities. These people share much with their former twin nakshatra, Purva Bhadrapada, but they are a lot milder and can control their anger and aggression. There can be a lazy streak but they are cheerful, generous, self sacrificing and protective of their loved ones. Needingtime to contemplate they love solitude and seclusion and can be incredibly psychic with profound insights. Their depth and wisdom can transcend the ego to the collective consciousness, and they seem to have magical powers. They achieve a happy home life and are usually blessed with good children. There is wealth often as a gift or inheritance, usually later in life.
27) Revati “the wealthy” 16.40 to 30.00 Pisces 
Symbol: a fish, or a pair of fish, a drum to mark time
Deity: Pushan, the nourisher, the protective deity for safe travel
Stars: Located in the tail of the Northern Fish, Al Pherg gives organizational ability, and a promise of success.
Mythology: Pushan was invoked for the protection of flocks and herds and safe travels. He also recovered lost articles and animals.
Indications: This nakshatra indicates a journey, and may in fact represent our final journey from this life to the next, as it is the last and final nakshatra. It grants protection for safe travels. These people are sweet caring responsible friends. They have an affinity with small animals and they love connecting to humanity and society. They have been known to provide foster care for others, children or animals. They don’t have a mean or jealous bone in their body, but their caring for others can lead to co-dependency. There may have been disappointments early in life, physical weakness and proneness to childhood illnesses, which in turn developed their compassion and forgiveness of others. They have creativity and a love of fine arts. They are mystics with faith in their beliefs and in the goodness of humanity. There is a deep devotion to God. They usually benefit from living by water and they are protected in all their travels especially the journey from this world to the next.
 The nakshatras are one of the oldest references we have to astrology from the Rig Veda dating back about 1,500-2,000 BCE